August 21, 1831
Slave revolt led by Nat Turner begins in Southampton County, Virginia. The rebellion was quashed within two days. In the aftermath of the revolt, officials tried forty-eight black men and women on charges of conspiracy, insurrection, and treason. In total, the state executed 56 people, banished many more, and acquitted 15. The state reimbursed the slaveholders for the slaves who were convicted and executed. But in the hysterical climate that followed the rebellion, close to 120 black people were killed by the militia and white mobs.
- Union Communication Services